JEWISH SOCIALIST WORKERS' PARTY

JEWISH SOCIALIST WORKERS' PARTY (also known as Sejmists, or J.S. = Jewish Socialists; Rus. abbrev., SERP = Sotsialisticheskaya Yevreyskaya Rabochaya Partiya), party based on a synthesis of national and socialist ideas, founded at a conference in Kiev in April 1906. Its leaders were M. Silberfarb , ben-adir , M. Ratner , N. Shtib , J. Novakovski, I. Yefroykin , Z.H. Kalmanovich , M. Levkovski, V. Fabrikant, and B. Friedland. The party published an organ in Yiddish, Folksshtime (1907), a collection, Shtime (2 vols., 1908), and a social-political organ in Russian, Serp ("Sickle," 1907–08). The party evolved from differences within the Po'alei Zion movement and was the successor of the vozrozhdeniye group. In general matters the Jewish Socialist Workers' Party regarded itself as part of the international socialist movement, but claimed that the manifold national pressures from all sides confronted the Jewish proletariat and the Jewish people in general first and foremost with the national question. According to the party platform, autonomy was an essential principle for the multinational states. Hence the party demanded the assurance of a special legal status for the Jews as a national group to be embodied in an extraterritorial "national personal autonomy" (autonomism ). The theoretical foundation for this claim also rested on the vital continuity of the historic trend in Jewry to preserve its specific forms of existence and creativity in all spheres of life. The Sejmists derived their ideological inspiration from C. Zhitlovsky , who had already advocated socialist autonomism in the 1890s. They were also influenced by S. Dubnow and trends in Austrian Social Democracy. The party claimed   that the basis for Jewish autonomy should be the Jewish community, and its supreme institution, to be endowed with binding authority, a Jewish national Sejm (parliament). The Sejm would represent the collective affairs of the whole of Jewry. Its functions, whose details would be defined by a Jewish constituent assembly, would include cultural and educational matters, medical and health concerns, mutual aid, assistance in work, agricultural training, statistics, organization of emigration, and the settlement of emigrants in a "free, unsettled territory." The acquisition of autonomy was a prerequisite for a Jewish territorial center to be established "anywhere" which would have an impact on all aspects of Jewish life in the Diaspora. But the realization of the project was put off to "some time" in the distant future. Unlike the zionist socialist workers ' Party (SS) and the Po'alei Zion, the Jewish Socialist Workers' Party did not adhere to Marxism. On the agrarian question the party identified with the Social Revolutionaries who were also more inclined than the Social Democrats to support federalist and autonomist solutions to the national question. The Jewish Socialist Workers' Party was represented at the congresses of the Socialist International as a subsection of the Social Revolutionaries. In conjunction with the Social Revolutionaries, the Sejmists convened a conference of national socialist parties in Russia to discuss the national question in 1907. The main stronghold of the Jewish Socialist Workers' Party was in the Ukraine, with some adherents in Lithuania and none at all in Poland. It took part in the revolutionary events of 1905–06: in the series of strikes and in the "self-defense" organized by socialist parties against pogroms. In Yekaterinoslav (dnepropetrovsk ) the Sejmists established a Jewish Council of workers' delegates. They upheld the principle of inter-party solidarity within united trade unions. The party boycotted the elections for the First duma , while for the second it nominated candidates in six districts (Zhitlovsky was the candidate for Vitebsk). In other places it supported the Social Revolutionaries in preference to the Social Democrats, and the bund in preference to the Zionist Socialist Workers' Party. During the reaction that followed the 1905 Revolution the party became limited mainly to intelligentsia circles. Some of its active members went over to the Folkists (Folkspartei) while the SERP group, headed by Zhitlovsky, was also active in the United States. In 1909 it united with Po'alei Zion and the Socialist-Territorialists. The Jewish Socialist Workers' Party cooperated with the world organization of Po'alei Zion and the Zionist Socialists toward the establishment of a Jewish section in the Socialist International. After the 1917 Revolution the Jewish Socialists united with the Zionist Socialists and established the United Jewish Socialist Workers' Party . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: N.A. Buchbinder, Geshikhte fun der Yidisher Arbeter-Bavegung in Rusland (1931), 398–402; O.I. Yanowsky, Jewsand Minority Rights (1933), index s.v. Seymists; Sotsialistisher Teritorializm (1934), 51–78; A.L. Patkin, The Origins of the Russian-Jewish Labor Movement (1947), 237–41; A. Menes (ed.), Yidisher Gedank in der Nayer Tsayt (1957), 172–5; B. Borochov, Ketavim, 1 (1955), 383, 488–9; 2 (1956), 543–4; Y. Maor, She'elat ha-Yehudim ba-Tenu'ah ha-Liberalit ve-ha-Mahpekhanit be-Rusyah (1964), 221–7. (Moshe Mishkinsky)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jewish Socialist Workers Party — Cambridge University Press, 1988. p. 44] The party favoured the idea of a Jewish National Assembly (a Seym). It envisaged a federation of nationalities in Russia, each led by an elected body of representatives with political powers inside their… …   Wikipedia

  • UNITED JEWISH SOCIALIST WORKERS' PARTY — (SS and JS; abbr.: Fareynigte, i.e., United ), short lived group in revolutionary Russia and interwar Poland. It was formed in June 1917 through the union of the Zionist Socialist Workers Party (SS, who were territorialists ), and the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • United Jewish Socialist Workers Party — ( yi. פאראייניקטע ײדישער סאָציאַליסטישע אַרבעטער פרטיי, fareynikte yidishe sotsialistishe arbeter partey ) was a political party in Poland and Ukraine. Its followers were generally known as fareynikte (פאראייניקטע). Politically the party favoured …   Wikipedia

  • Socialist Workers Party (Palestine) — Socialist Workers Party (Hebrew: מפלגת הפועלים הסוציאליסטית‎, Hebrew abbreviation מפ ס, Mops , English abbreviation MPS ) was a political party in the British Mandate of Palestine from 1919–1922. Its followers were known as Mopsim.[1] The party… …   Wikipedia

  • ZIONIST SOCIALIST WORKERS' PARTY — (or SS, the initials of Zionists Socialists in Russian), territorialist group in Russia founded at a conference held (interrupted as a result of the arrests of its participants) in Odessa, in January–February 1905. The party was the outcome of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Zionist Socialist Workers Party — ( ru. Сионистско социалистическая рабочая партия), often referred to simply as Zionist Socialists or S.S. by their Russian initials, was a Jewish socialist territorialist political party in Russia and Poland, that emerged out of the Vozrozhdenie… …   Wikipedia

  • Jewish Social Democratic Party — (in Yiddish, Yidishe sotsial demokratishe partey , pl. Żydowska Partia Socjal Demokratyczna, abbreviated ŻPS) was a political party in Galicia and later also Bukovina, established in a split from the Polish Social Democratic Party of Galicia in… …   Wikipedia

  • Workers Party (U.S.) — The Workers Party (WP) was a Third Camp Trotskyist group in the United States. It was founded in April 1940 by members of the Socialist Workers Party who opposed the Soviet invasion of Finland. They included Max Shachtman, who became the new… …   Wikipedia

  • Socialist Labor Party of America — The Socialist Labor Party of America (SLP) is the oldest socialist political party in the United StatesKenneth T. Jackson: The Encyclopedia of New York City : The New York Historical Society; Yale University Press; 1995. P. 1083.] and the second… …   Wikipedia

  • Socialist Workers' Sport International — 1925 Poster for the Workers Olympiad in Frankfurt Socialist Workers Sport International (German: Sozialistische Arbeiter Sport Internationale, SASI) was an international socialist sporting organisation, based in Lucerne. It was founded in 1920,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.